Have you ever wondered how aircrafts can fly? Knowing that their weight is a thousand folds heavier than a feather. Let me take you to the manufacturing process of air crafts and learn how these pieces of materials put into a huge flying object.
Nowadays, there are numerous aircraft manufacturers which have a different approach in producing air crafts. With these different they all have one goal for manufacturing, it is to build a flying object which is economical, efficient and provides comfort for civil transportation.
Are you curious now how they assemble air crafts, let us start with the materials they utilized?
In the history of aviation, aircraft emerge from the invention of Wright Brothers with a wood and fabric model frames. But today, we can see that there have been a great evolution of aircraft and the birth of different manufacturers emerges the competition in the aviation industry.
Generally, materials of aircraft manufacturing comprise of the ff:
- Aluminum sheet
- Composite materials such as carbon epoxies, carbon fiber reinforced plastic, boron magnesium castings, graphite, etc.
Let us simplify things on how aircraft are assembled by knowing its subcomponents. Here are the six subassemblies of aircraft:
- The body (fuselage)
Using a body mate jig, the three primary sections are making up of the forward, the nose and aft cabin.
- The wings
The wings are consists of the outward wing, center wing, and flaps and aileron assemblies. They provide the balance through airlift regulation and an increase in drag force for aircraft efficiency.
- The tail (empennage)
This is responsible for the aircraft movements, side to side and rotation. It consists of the vertical fin, horizontal stabilizers, elevators, and rudder.
- The engine
This is known as the powerplant of the system. It consists of the fuel storage to power the aircraft.
- The landing gear assemblies
These are hydraulically or electrically controlled components installed in the fuselage.
- Flight control instruments and systems
These are the last subassembly being installed. It is the control of all components in the aircraft. The advancement of control systems are varied based on the aircraft manufacturer, but the main components will be the speed brake system, pressurization system, elevator control system, wing anti-ice system, static pitot system, and rudder trim control system.